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食不厌精带来的不仅仅是健康问题


更新日期:2021-01-23 11:53:49来源:网络点击:1712718
中梁地产,中森明菜,中植系,死囚之舞,死囚乐园,死在江南烟雨中

jinnianlai,suizhewoguonongyeshengchankuaisufazhanhenongchanpinjiagongnenglikuaisuzengzhang,renminshenghuoshuipingbuduantisheng,xiaofeizheyujiazhuiqiujingmibaimiandailaidehaokougan,liangshiguodujiagongdexianxiangyuelaiyueyanzhong,chengxiangjumindezhushixiaofeichengxianchuyuelaiyuejingxihuadequshi。

qishi,chidetaijingxibujinkenengdailaiyingyanghejiankangfengxian,haihuizaochengliangshilangfei、ziyuanlangfeihehuanjingwurandengyixiliewenti。

1、“雪花粉”“亮精精”,精米白面过度加工造成“隐性饥饿”

weimanzuxiandaishichangxiaofeixuqiu,woguoguwujiagongqiyeyujiazhuiqiu“bai、jing、mei”,mianfenchengle“xuehuafen”,damichengle“liangjingjing”,jingmibaimianbaguwuzilibiaopipicenghepeiyajihuquanbuqudiaole,jinbaoliupeirubufen,zaochengguwuyingyangchengfendejidasunshi。suizhejiagongjingdubuduantigao,mianfenzhongdedanbaizhi、kuangwuzhi、xianweisuheweishengsudenghanliangzhujianjiangdi。

yanjiubiaoming,jiagongjingdujiaogaodemianfenyuquanmaifenxiangbi,danbaizhi、weishengsub1、weishengsub2、yansuan、tie、gai、xindengfenbiesunshile15%、83%、67%、50%、80%、50%、80%。duiyudaogueryan,mikangsuiranjinzhandaoguzhiliangde5%~8%,quejizhongledaogu64%deyingyangsu,qizhonghanyou15%~23%dezhifang、14%~16%dedanbaizhi、25%~40%deshanshixianwei,haiyoudaliangdeγ-guweisu、duofenhuahewu、weishengsuedengshenglihuoxingwuzhi。

kejian,zhangqishiyongjingmibaimianyoukenengchuxianyinweishengsu、kuangwuzhidengyingyangsuquefazaochengde“yinxingjie”,duishentijiankangyouqianzaifengxian。

xiangduieryan,caomi、mikangyumaifuzhongdeshanshixianweihanliangfengfu。yanjiuxianshi,guwuzhongdeshanshixianweikefangzhichangdaoaidefasheng,jiangdixinzangbingfabinglv;zengjiarentibaofugan,kongzhitizhong;youxiaokongzhixuetangnongdu,yufanghehuanjietangniaobing。guwuzhongdeweishengsue、xiaomaifupizhongdeduofenhuahewuhepeiyazhongdezhiwuzaichundoushilianghaodekangyanghuaji,junkeshijitimianshouyanghuasunshang。

2、粮食加工程度越深,能源消耗和环境污染就越严重

zhushijingxihuaheguwuguodujiagongchulehuiduijuminyingyangyujiankangzaochengyanzhongyingxiang,zengjiamanxingbingdehuanbinglvhesiwanglvzhiwai,haijidalangfeileliangshiheshuidiandengnengyuan,chanshenghuanjingwuran。

chidetaijingxi,duishicaideyaoqiujiuhenyanke,henduoshicaizaimeiyoujihuiduanshangcanzhuozhiqian,jiuyijingbeidangchenglecancipinrengdiao,zaochengliangshiziyuanjidalangfei。2019nian,woguodedaoguchanliangyuewei2yidun,jiagonghoudesanjimidechanliangdayueshi1.4yidun,erruguozaijinyibujiagongchengtejijingmi,chumilvyaojianshao15%。

yejiushishuo,ruguo1.4yidunsanjimidoujiagongchengtejimi,zhisheng1.2yidun,erjianshaode2000wandun,xiangdangyu1.3yirenyiniandekouliang。liangshijiagongchengduyueshen、chanyeliantiaoyuezhang,yuanliaodesunshijinengyuandexiaohaojiuyueduo。lingwai,jiagongguochengzhonghaikenengchanshengfeishui、feiliao,wuranhuanjing。

3、饮食过于精致,对美容也没有好处

haixuyaozhuyideshi,youyushiwuguoyujingxi,shanshixianweidesheruliangjianshao,shidechangdaorudonghuanman、paibianbuchangerzaochengbianmi,jinerdaozhizhichuanghechangqishi,shenzhizengjiahuanweiai、zhichangaidengfengxian。guofenjingzhideyinshi,haishirenmenshiqulexuduojujiaodejihui,yachihemianbujiroudebudaoyouxiaoduanlian,duimeirongyujiankangdoumeiyouhaochu。

《zhongguojuminshanshizhinan(2016)》jianyi,yibanchengnianrenmeitianzuihaonengchiquanguwuhezadouleizheiyangde“culiang”50~150ke(huozaipengzhizhushishijiaru1/3dequanguwu)。biru,duoshiyongquanmaifen,shentijiankangsuoxudexianweisu、weishengsukeyidedaohenhaodebuchong。dangqianwoguojuminxianweisudepingjunmeitiansheruliangwei6kezuoyou,er《zhongguojuminshanshizhinan(2016)》yaoqiushi25~30ke。

quanguwushizhiweijingjingxihuajiagonghuosuijingyanmo、fensui、yapiandengchuli,danrengbaoliulewanzhenggulisuojubeidepeiru、peiya、fupijiqitianranyingyangchengfendeguwu。changjiandequanguwuyouquanmai、caomi、yanmai、qiaomai、yumi、xiaomi、yimideng,qizhongbushaojiushichangshuode“culiang”。culiangyibanzhishuidaohexiaomaiyiwaideliangshi,chuledouleihekuaigenkuaijingleizuowu,changjiandeculiangyouxiaomi、hongmi、heimi、zimi、gaoliang、damai、yanmai、qiaomaideng。zheixieculiangjiagongguochengjiandan,pubianbaoliulefengfudeshanshixianwei,nenggoubangzhurentixiaohuaxitongzhengchangyunzhuan,zengjiashiwuzaiweichanglidetingliushijian,yanchifanhouputaotangxishoudesudu,jiangdixueyezhongxuetang、danguchunheganyousanzhidenongdu,congeryouxiaojianshaohuangaoxueya、tangniaobing、feipangzhenghexinnaoxueguanjibingdefengxian。

yixieculianghaifuhanrentibixudeyingyangsu,juyoufeichanghaodeyingyangbaojianzuoyong。yanmaifuhandanbaizhi、bzuweishengsu、β-pujutang、zaogan、gai、tie、xindeng,zhangqishiyongnenggoudiaojiexuetangdaixie、kangyanjihuanjiezishenmianyixingjibingzhengzhuang。xiaomifuhanweishengsub1、weishengsub2,youzhuyuyufangduozhongpifujibing。qiaomaizhongdehuangtongleiwuzhiheduotangzaijiangxuetang、jiangxuezhihekangaifangmianjuyoulianghaoxiaoguo。

4、粗粮虽好但也要控制,不适合免疫力低下、肠胃功能差等人群

guodujiagongwenti,xuyaoquanshehuigongtongnulijiejue。yifangmianxuyaoguojiatongguotuidongchanyezhengce、chanpinbiaozhundengjiayiyindao;jiakuaiquanguwujiagongdeanquanxingkongzhi、jiagonggongyijishebeiyanfa,rangyouyijiankangdequanguwuchanpin,gengshihexiaofeizhedekouganshushi、fangbiankuaijieshiyongxuqiu。lingyifangmian,xiaofeizheyaoqianghuachiquanguwudelinian。goumaishiwushi,buyaozhixuanzehaochi、haokande,gengyaozhuzhongshiwudeyingyangchengfenfengfu、junheng,duoxuanzeqingjiagongshipin,tichangshiyongquanguwu。

xiangduiyuxilianglaijiang,culiangshanshixianweihanlianggao,gengrongyijirendailaibaofugan,danshanshixianweisheruguoduo,buliyuchangdaoduiyingyangsudexishou。suoyi,culiangsuishihaodongxi,danshiyongliangyexuyaokongzhi,erqieyebushishihesuoyourenqun。biru,mianyilidixiaderenqunruosheruguoduoculiang,duidanbaizhidexishouyoubuliyingxiang,mianyiliwufadedaotisheng;changweigongnengcha、youxiaohuaxitongjibingderenqunruosheruguoduodeculiang,changweifudanjiazhong,huigandaobushi。

cuchadanfanzongxiangyi,renjianyouweishiqinghuan。womenyingzhujiangaibian“shibuyanjing”deyinshixiguan,congyingyangjiankangdelinianchufa,xingchengyizhongxinderenshi,jizhuliangshipinduiyuwomenyibujinjinxianyubuchongnenglianghemanzushiyu,ershiyaogengduofahuidiaojieshenglijineng、baochishentijiankangdezuoyong,zairichangyinshizhonghelixuanzeshihedezhuliangdapei,“cuxi”jiehe,quebaojunhengyingyangheshanshipingheng,tongshijinliangjianshaoliangshilangfei。

(作者:陈萌山,系国家食物与营养咨询委员会主任、中国农业科学院研究员;孙君茂,系国家食物与营养咨询委员会副秘书长兼办公室主任、中国农业科学院研究员)

xiangguan:

山水桂林打造产业之城 绿水青山“洞藏”制造能量  中新网南宁1月22日电(记者 杨陈 杨志雄)“以前人们总觉得桂林只是个游山玩水的地方,其实桂林电子信息等产业一直有着良好的基础,未来桂林将加快推动工业崛起,在保住绿水青山的同时,打造产业之城。”广西人大代表、桂林市市长秦春成22日表示。   广西壮族自治区十三届人大四次会议1月21日—25日在南宁召开。秦春成在接受中新网记者专访时作上述表述。   桂林打造产业之城的底气源自绿水青山中“洞藏”的制造能量。当地不仅是旅游名城,也是中国老工业基地、国家新型工业化(电子信息)产业示范基地。中国第一台海用雷达、第一套光纤室外试验系统、第一台(套)..

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