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更新日期:2021-01-13 09:49:26来源:网络点击:684271
隐睾,隐私权,隐秘而伟大,双针探底,双限房,双面君王

wenzhangyihuo“yitiao”(id:yitiaotv)shouquan

zhuanzaiqinglianxiyuanzuozhe

75hougujianzhuzhuanjia、

gugongbowuyuanyanjiuyuanzhouqian,

shuoshiyibiyejiujinlegong,

qinshencanyuletaihediandebainiandaxiu,

congcizaigugongyidai17nian。

sannianqianqi,tazheshouzhuanxie《taihedian》yishu,

zhongyuzaijinnianchuban,

yiconglidaowaijiegouzhengzuogongdian,

xiangdazhongchengxianzhongguogujianzhudejinghua,

“yiyidianzhiwandian”。

weishenmegugonglijing222cidizhenhoujianrenbudao?

wudingdexiaodongwudaibiaoshenme?

taihedianzhengzhongyangzangzhebaoxiama?

yiqidaoshipinhewenzhanglizhaodaanba。

自述 周乾

撰文 谭伊白 责编 陈子文

2004nian,29suidezhouqiandingzheyigenmutouchuleshen。zheigenfutuomudesuntouyouxiexiachen,lianzheshangmiandewudingyekailelie。zheigenhenkenengyingxiangtaihedianyannianyishoudemutou,weijiletaihediandeanquan。zheihaibuzhi,taqiangpituoluo、muzhufuxiu、wapiancuowei,wentiyigejieyige。500duoniandezijinchengyudaodamafanle......

cishizhouqiangangshuoshibiye,haimeidengfanyingguolaitajiubeizhaorulegugong,tourutaihediandaxiudegongzuozhong。

taihediandaxiuxianchang

zheishitaihedianzai1679nianzaoyuhuozaizhongjianhou,300nianlaideshoucidaxiu。zuoweizijinchengjianzhuqunde“menmiandandang”,taihediancong2006nian1yue5riqi,beigaoda35midebaohuzhaotuantuanbaowei,tingzhiduiwaikaifang,congmeiyourenjianguotazheifumoyang。

zuoweishijiexiancunzuidademujiegoujianzhu,tadebianxingdengwentizuibeizhongshi,jiuzheiyang,xuetumugongchengchushendezhouqianbeipaishangleyongchang。tawangzheneigenyiduanxiachenle10limidehengliangmujiaojinnaozhi,wushucijianmo、xiugaifangan,hualezhengzhengyinian,caiwanmeidijiangtajiagu。

yucitongshi,30wanzhangjinbocongnanjingjinbochangyunleguolai,weiwaiyan“huanzhuang”;70duosuidelaozhuanjiayebeigugongfanpinhuilai,qinzizhonghuacaihui;wudinggenghuanbujian、qiangpizhongxinmohui......

taihedianzhongyuzailiangnianbanhou“songbang”,tuoxiacengcengjiaoshoujia,yijiuyongrongdaqidizhulizaibeijingdezhongzhouxianshang。weijijiejue,erzhouqianyezaimeilikaiguozijincheng。rujintadebangongshiweiyuzijinchengxibeijiao,yigejiaochenghuangmiaodeyuanluoli,julitaihedianjinjin600mi。

zhouqianjiang17nianfengxianjilezheidongdafangzi,taaitaihedian,congtabuyanqifandijiangcaifangzhongzhidaitaihediande“ta”,yigegegaichengle“ta”dezhizhezhongbiankezhixiao。

以下是周乾的自述。

中轴线建筑——紫禁城的脊梁

2020nianshizijinchengjiancheng600zhounian,shiyigejiqinandede、teshudenianfen。mianduizheyoujidameilidegugongjianzhuqun,wojuedeyouzheigezerenrangdajiadoulailejieta。

shuotaihedian,jiubudebuxiantizhongzhouxianjianzhu。

zhongzhouxianjianzhu,shizhizhengzhongyangnanbeifangxiangdejianzhu。gugonggujianzhudezhongzhouxianjianzhu,wuluntiliangshang,haishizaizaoxingshang、gongnengshang,dounenggouchongfenditixianmingqingshiqi,diwangsuodaibiaodewangquanyuhuangquan。

zaigudai,gurenrenweibeijixingdechuxianyouliyubianbiefangxiang,yushibananbeifangxiangzuoweizuizhongyaodefangwei

nancongwumen,beidaoshenwumen,zhongjianjingguotaihemen、youqianchaosandadianzhichengdetaihedian、zhonghedian、baohedian,zaiwangbei,qianqinggong、jiaotaigong、kunninggong,jineitinghousangong,ranhoudaoyuhuayuan。

wumenguangchang

wumenshizijinchengdenandamen,wokanwangshangchuandehenduo,shuoshenmetuichuwumenzhanshou,zhishiyuanyuminjianxiqu。wumenqishishimingqingdiwangjuxingzhongyaohuodongdechangsuo,birushuononglixinnian,huangdihuipairenzaiwumenxuanbuguonianla,huangdidahunyehuizaiwumenzuoxuangao。

duozhongduoyangdeyizhangyongju

erqiewumendeguangchangshang,yougezhongde“fajialubu”,leisiyuwomenjintiansuoshuodeyizhang,birushuobaoxiang、luche(lianglundechezi),laizhanshitaliyidediwei。

taihemenguangchang

jinruwumenhoujiushitaihemen,tazaimingdai,shihuangdishangchaodedifang。womenyoukenengzaidianshilihuikandao,shuohuangdizaitaihedianshangchao,qishibushide,huangdizaimingchaozaitaihemenshangchao,qingchaoshizaiqianqingmenshangchao。

tasuiranshiyigemenlangshijianzhu,danfeichangnengtixianzhongguogujianzhudetezheng。congmingdegudaigongjiang,weilezhangxianchugongdiandehaohuazhuangguan,tongchangliangbuzuofa——diyi,jiangtaihemenzhulizaitaijizhishang,shidetabenshennenggoutingba;dier,baliangbiandejianzhuyadi。tongshitaihemenguangchangzhongjian,youyitiaoyonghanbaiyupuchengdelu,zheigelubiqitabuweideluyaogao,chengweiyulu,yeshiweiletuchuhuangquan。

《guangxudahuntu》

chengxianlehuangdidahunshitaihediandeshengkuang

chuanguotaihemen,jiudaodalezijinchengzhongzuiweizhongyaodetaihedian。tadaibiaolemingqingshiqiguojiademenmian,shihuangdijuxingzhongyaoguojialiyidechangsuo,birushuohuangdidengji、dahunheshengchen。dianshishihuangdichukaoti、fabang,yeshizaitaihedianjuxingde。daolezheixieshike,taihedianguangchangshangqianjunwanma,feichangzhuangguan。

taihedianyibei,xianshizhonghedian,zheishihuangdijuxinghuodongqianxiuxidechangsuo,youbaohuhuangdiyinsidegongneng,suoyitadejianzhutiliangbijiaoxiao。

erhoushibaohedian,tadegongnengbijiaofengfu。birushuoyanqingwaifandeshijie,shuodejiandandianjiushichifan。yiduanshijianyezuoweidiwangdeqingonghepizhezidechangsuo。daoleqingdai,qianlongshiqiqi,tajiuzhuanmenzuoweigudaikejudianshidechangsuo。

qianchaosandadian,tamenzailimianzaoxingshang,xiangyigegongxing,shiyidaoyoumeidequxian,bimianlezaoxingdedaiban,erqiewudingxingshiyebudandiao。

daoyoumenxihuanjiang,“gugongyoufangwu9999jianban”,zheigeshuofaqishibuzhunque。

zaigujianzhulingyu,sigenlizhuwei chengdekongjianchengweiyijianfang。 minjianchuanyande9999jianban,shiyinweigurenjuede,“jiu”daibiaozuiduo,zijinchengzhengduideziweixingshiyuhuangdadidejusuo,tayouyiwanjian,zairenjiandehuangdidefangwushuliangzeshaobanjian。

shijishangyoushiliaojizai,zijinchengcong1420nianwangongyihou,fangwuyinggaishibaqianduojian,zaiqingchaodeshihou,jiejinliangwanjian,zhihoujingguogongnengdegaibian、xiushan,shuliangfashengqingweigaibian。laoyuanzhangdanjixiangxianshengshangrenhou,daizhemishu,shuguolemeiyijianfang,2012nianzheigeshuzishi9371jian。

yizhongzhouxianjianzhuweizhongxin,wangsizhoukuosan,jianzhudetiliangzhujianjianxiao、dengjijiangdi,dantongyangjianzaodejuyouzhihui。

changyinge

huangdikanxidechangyingeshigudaideguojiadajuyuan,tayousancengxitai,danshihuangdikanxishizaichangyingeduimiandeyueshilou,yuxitaihaiyouyidingdejuli,ruguoshengyinyaoxiangzhunquedi、qingxidichuandaohuangdideerduoli,jiudekuoyin。

yushigongjiangzaiyicengxitaidedixia,qiaomiaodishezhileruogangejing,youdeyoushui,youdeshikongjing,tamenjiuxiangdangyukuoyinqi。tongshichangyingeshigefengbishideyuanluo,shengyinwangwailiushideshao。

yudetangneijing

huangdixizaoshizaiwuyingdianxibiandeyudetang,shiyigealabofenggedeyushi。tadeqiangbihenhou,churukoushiquzixing,reshuidechuansongshicongxiqiangwaideyigejingqushui,liyonggaocha,liudaoleyushibeibiandeyigezaofanglimian,congzaofanglimianshaoshui,zaitongguoyigekong,chuanguoguandaodaodayushi。

太和殿结构之魂

wozuishuxidehaishitaihedian。renheyigerenjinrutaihedianguangchangzhihou,douhuibeitagaodadetixingsuozhenshe。tachulizaisancengtaijizhishang,gao8.13mi,chengweixumizuo。zheizhongzuofazaiwoguodegujianzhuzhongjiweishaojian,tademudezhiyouyige——tuchuhuangquan。

gugongdijipoumian

600nianlai,jinguanzijinchengjinglileshucihuozai,dan222cidizhenjihumeiyouyingxiangtafenhao。dijijiushitazuiwengudebaozhang。yanjiurenyuancongzijinchengzhongxinxiangxiayue5-6midedifangwachuyizhongshaozhanqieyouqiweidewuzhi,pandingtashi“zhuguodenuomiheshihuidehunhewu”。dijizhongdenuomichengfen,jiushitafangzhendeyaodian。

panlongjinzhushangdewenshi

shangletaijiezoujinkan,yigengencuzhuangdelizhuzhichengzhetaihedian。taihedianzaimingchaochujiandeshihou,tadecailiaoshinanmu,zheixienanmuyuanyusichuan、yunnan、guizhoudengdideshenshanlaolinzhichu,qiweifenfang、bupazaoxiu、bupachongzi。

gongjiangzhaodaolenanmuhouhaibunengzou,dengdaodiernianqibayuefenshanhongbaofadeshihou,bananmutuixiashan,xiangbanfahuirujinghangdayunhe,ranhoupiaodaotongzhoudecaoyunmatou,zaiyongluocheyundaozijincheng。suoyiyourenrenwei,zijinchengshipiaolaidegongcheng,shiyouyidingdedaolide。jishiyanluyouguanyuanzhishou,yeyouchaoguo20%denanmudiule,buzhidaopiaodaonaqule。

danshinanmuyouyigezhimingderuodian,shengzhangzhouqi300nianyishang,dengdaotaihediandiwucifujiandeshihouyijingzhaobudaodachicundenanmule。zheijiuweijintiandetaihediandeyingjiancailiaoweisongmuweizhu,maixialefubi。

mucaibenshendesunmaodajiefangshi,feichangbianli,shidegaifangzifeichangxunsu,erqielaogukekao,jiusuantachanshenglepohuai,xiushanjiaguyehenfangbian。

dougongyeshizhongguogujianzhuyigezhongyaodegouzaotezheng,taihediandeliujindougong,heqitagongdiandoubuyiyang,tawaibianshipingde,limianwangshangqiao,jiuxiangwonagenchengmaigedaxigua,baxiaoxiaodechengtuowanghouyifang,jiunengchengzhedaxigua,dougonghouweiqingqingdidingzaiyigefangzishang,jiukeyizhichengqianmianwuyandezhongliang。

muzhudixiahaiyoushitoujidi,shikuaineimezhong,jibunengyongcheyun,yebunengjiudigun,yushijiuxuanzaidongjiyunshu。jinwangemingong、shuqiantouluozi,yanlumeigeyilidiwayigejing,qushuijiechengbing,jiaozailushang,zhuaizhehanchuanzaibingshanghuaxingdaozijinchenggongdi。

太和殿细节之美

wangshangkan,taihedianwudingyouyoumeidequxian,chuleshenmeijiazhi,tahaifeichangjuyoukexuexing。

shangmiandou,xiamianhuan,xiayudeshihouyuluozaiwudingshang,keyixunsuwangxiazou,daolexiamian,xunsuwangqianzou、wangyuanzou,buranzehuifanshenjiandaowaxiamiandemuzhuhemenchuang。

wudingdeweiduanyouyoumeideqiqiao,yuyi“tianrenheyi”,yinweigurenrenweiyuzhoushiyang,dadiweiyin,weilechongfenbiaodayutianxiangjiejin,jiubawuyanzuodeqiaoqilai。

zijinchenggujianzhudebutongwudingleixing

gudaidegongjiangkeyidibazhengjijiazhang,zheiyangdehua,taliangbianjiuziranerrandibiandoule,jiugenrenyiyang,xiongfuyiting,tadejianzhudeqizhijiuchulaile。

wuyanshangyou10gexiaoshou,xiaoshoushuliangyueduo,jianzhudedengjiyuegao。

gugonggujianzhudewudingxiaoshou,yibandoushidanshu,1ge、3ge、5ge、7ge、9ge。danshitaihedian,you10gexiaoshou。zuihouyige“xingshen”shiqingkangxisanshisinian(1695),taihedianzaizuihouyicifujianjiashangqude,tashileizhenzidexingxiang,yuyixiwangbuzaizaoshouleipi。

changyourenwen,taihedianjiujingyongdingzilema?qishitaihedianwudingshangdexiaoshou,zuichudegongnengjiushiweilebaohudingzi。

wudingzhengjidezhengzhongyanghaiyouyigeankou。zijinchenglimianrenheyigegujianzhukuaiyaowangongdeshihou,douhuizaizhengzhongyangfangyigehezi,chengweibaoxia。hezilimianhuifangruogangewujian,chengweizhenwu。

zhenwudeneironghenfengfu,birushuoyou5zhongjinshu、5zhongbaoshi、5zhongsichou、5zhongdaogudengdeng,fanshigudaigongjiangrenweinenggoumanzuxiaozaiquxie、yingxiangnafugongnengdedongxidouwanglimianfang,erqiefangdeguocheng,shiyouweihundenangongrenjinxingde。

butongtuande“toufeng”

qiangtidexijieyehenfengfu。

kantaihediandecemianhebeimian,huifaxianxiabian、shangmiandouyouyigeloukongdezhuandiao,zheishigudaidegongjiangfamingdekongqixunhuanqi,jiao“toufeng”。shiwaidekongqi,keyicongxiamianliuru,shunzheqiangtiyumuzhudexiangjiaoweizhi,congshangmianpaichu,shidemuzhushizhongbaochiganzao,fangleifanghuo。

congjianchuangwanglikan,taihediandedimian,shubainianyiranguangliangruxin。

zheiduyiwuerdejinzhuandimianbingbushijinzizuode,zhuanmenzhidaisuzhoulumuyuyaocunshaochudezhuan,qiaozhiqingcui,duanzhiwukong,erqieshaozaojiqikeke。taguanghuadaokeyizhijiezuoyantai。dangchuzuozheizhongzhuanyaozaimeiyouyangguangdefangjianneiyinganyiniandaoyinianban,zaijinyaoshaozhi,lijing39daogongxu,chenggonglvjidi。

shineizuizhongyang,shigugongzuijiangjiu、zuijingmeidebaozuo,yejiushiwomenshuodelongyi,jiaozuoxiujinqiyunlongwenbaozuo。taqishishimingdaideyiwu,qingchaohuangdiruzhuzijinchenghou,youjixuyanyongleliangbailiushiduonian。danshi1915nian,yuanshikaicuanquan,yinweituitaiduan,tajiuchequlelongyi,fangleyizhangyibeigao、zuomianaidexishidayi。1959 nian,yuanlaidebaozuocaibeizhongxinfanghuitaihedianli。

zaiyicizouyuankantaihedian,keyixinshangtaqiangliede“zhongguopeise”,erzheiyangdedapeiyeshifuherentiganzhide。hongse、huangseweinuansediao,relie、benfang,pubianyongzailejianzhumingxiandeweizhi,biruhuangsedewuding、hongsedezhuzi、chuanghu,laitixianzijinchengdexiongweihezhuangguan。

tianhua

dougong

erqingsehelvseshuyulengsediao,jiubeiyongzailedougong,tixiangujianzhudeyinrouzhimei,zaiyinyingzhongxiandekongqiganqiang,qingyingyouyaoyuan,shidehouzhongdewudingjirenqingsongdeganjue,zengqianglefangzidegaodugan。

©️katrina

对太和殿的误解

doushuogugongjianzhushehua,qishicongyingjiandaoxiushan,tadoushigaoduzhongshihuanbaohexunhuanliyongde。birutaihediandeqiangti,hou1.4mi,danshitazhiyouwaipihelipishiyongzhengzhuanqiqide,zhongjianquanbudoushishigongdefeizhuan、feishitou。yinweiqiangtibuxuyaoshouli,zhiyaobaozhenghoudu,baowengerejike,feiliaojiudouyongshangqule。fujiandeshihou,yebazhiqianshaozhidezhuandouyongshangle,sihaomeiyoulangfei。

lingwaicengjingyourenyewenguowo,gugongdeyoushicaihuayoumeiyouwuran?dangranmeiyou,yinweiyongdeshizhuanhui、zhuxue、ma,doushiwomenchangjiandebianyicailiao,meiyourenhedehuaxuewuzhi。

wohenxingyun,shuoshibiyehoujiechudediyijianshiqingjiushitaihediandaxiu。henduoyoukelaigugongcanguan,kandaotaihedianjuedetaixinle,tamenrenweibunengzheiyang,bufuhexinzhongsuoqidaide,gujianzhubixushicangsangde、diaobide。

woxiwangdajianenggaibianduigujianzhubaohudelinian。womendexiushanhebaohu,buguangshijintian,lichaolidaidouzaifasheng,erwomenxiushandeshitadebaohuceng,fangzhilimianjingshoufengchui、rishai、yulin、chongyao。genrenyiyang,womenjitahuanlejianyifu,danshizheigerenba,tahaishiwanhaode。

zijinchengjianchengzhijinyiyou600nian,zhongguolishihuohuihuanghuoshiyideshike,taihediandoushizhongshouhuyipang。jinguanwushirenfei,taihedianyijiuyili。tabujinjijianzhujinghuayuyishen,gengdaibiaolezhongguorendejing、qi、shen,zuohaotaihediandekexuebaohu,hongyangtasuodaibiaodezhonghuazuiyouxiudechuantongjianzhuwenhua,zheishiyifenzeren,wohuiyizhizuoxiaqu。

除了太和殿,这些中国古建筑同样了不起:

shangxiahuadongchakangengduo

meitianyitiaoyuanchuangduanshipin,meitianjiangshuyigedongrendegushi,meitianjingxuanrenjianmeiwu,meitianlaihewoyiqiguomeihaodeshenghuo。yitiao(id:yitiantv)

xiangguan:

那些消失不见的老北京服务行当儿老北京的服务行当儿有很多, 剃头、绱鞋、修理雨伞、磨刀、锔碗、箍漏锅、焊洋铁壶、修理竹门帘等。在过去,这些手艺人大多走街串巷,胡同里的叫卖声连同“响器”发出的各种声响不绝于耳。不过,随着时间的推移,过去司空见惯的老行当儿,如今只能在记忆和文字里找寻。作为一位地道的“老北京”,孟繁强年复一年地写下自己的记忆,讲述着他经历的岁月和变革。本期的京华物语,就来看看他笔下老北京的服务行当儿是什么样的。以下内容选自《老北京故人旧事》,较原文有删节,已获得出版社授权刊发。《老北京故人旧事》,孟繁强著,清华大学出版社2014年12月版。原文作者丨..

梦里的时间和现实中的一样快吗?大多数人都经历过这样的窘境:当闹钟响起的时候,立刻按下暂停开关,缩回温暖的被窝里继续打盹,当我们再次醒来的时候,往往发现时间已经流逝,甚至因此错过了早上去公司的班车,或是朋友间难得的聚会。唉,为什么时间从不歇歇脚,与我们一起打会盹呢?当我们悔恨交加的同时,也会回想刚刚睡着时做的梦。梦里的情景千奇百怪,有些与生活相关,有些是超现实,还有些纯属噩梦。有一个问题一直在那里,却很少被人提起:梦里的时间和现实中的一样快吗?01现实五分钟,梦境一小时梦境中的时间,远比现实时间流逝得更慢。这是我在思考这个问题时的第一感觉。很多时候午后小憩半..

"我快没时间了!""我没空!":我们的时间是如何加速的?通过查看钟表、日历或手机,我们知道了某一时刻的“时间”,并把它与事件、人物和地点建立联系。这是人类自近代以来完成的统一时间、统一叙事。差别只在于时区不同,“当地时间”亦有所不同。古往今来,从神秘学说、哲学到现代物理学,每一种知识体系都先后在争夺解释时间。在今天尤其被普遍信任的是现代物理学的理解。它几乎打碎了关于时间的一切坚固的观点。时间的流逝并非“人人平等”、并非只有一个方向,更不存在唯一一个时间,而当刻度无限细化,时间中的“现在”甚至完全不存在。时间的统一是现代理性化的产物。这一过程不只是被现代物理学解构,更重要的是,它始..

相关热词搜索:隐睾,隐私权,隐秘而伟大,双针探底,双限房,双面君王

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