华宇平台登陆

为了五箱国宝,他在四川的山洞躲了10年,出来家都散了


更新日期:2021-01-13 10:27:42来源:网络点击:684289
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《炮火下的国宝》是一部令人肃然起敬的佳作遗珠,

2020nian11yuezaiyangshijilupindaobochuhou,

huode100%haoping,yourenshuoziji“biankanbianku”。

pianzijiangdeshikangzhanqijian,

putongzhongguorenpinsiweiguohubaodegushi。

qizhongyiweishandongdahanliyiguiyuanbenshihuangbaochefu,

weileshouhuwuxianggujiwenwupaoqiqizi,yiquqianli,

zaisichuandeshandongliduoleshinian,

chulaijiadousanle。

zhipianrenliuhongyanjieshao,

pianzhongdeguobaodaliangdoushizhenxibanbendeguji,

quezaipaohuoxiajijikewei。

zheigeshihouhenduorenrenzhishitingshenerchu,

“buyaoxiaokanzheixieputongren,

weinanguantoushitamenjishizhanlechulai,

zhengjiulezheixiebaobei,

yeyanxulewomenguojiadewenhuamingmai”,liuhongyanshuo。

yitiaocaifangle《paohuoxiadeguobao》zhipianrenliuhongyanhezongdaoyanduxing,

liaoqilezheiduanyinmilishibeihoudezhongzhonggushi。

自述 杜兴

撰文 鲁雨涵 责编 石鸣

《炮火下的国宝》,如果用一句话来说就是:战火纷飞,兵荒马乱,书怎么办?

zhengbujilupianzhongzuirangwochudongdejiushi,shouhuzheixieshuderen,hendayibufendoushimomowuwendetushuguanzhiyuan,putongdegongyou,shenzhishilianmingzidoubuzhidaodeputongqunzhong。

husongqilugujiwenwunanqiandesangeren(congzuodaoyou):wangxiantang、quwanli、liyigui

youyigejiaoliyiguideshandongdahan,zaonianshilahuangbaochede。houlaibianchengleshandongshengtushuguanguanzhangwangxiantangdeyigesirenmishu,bangzhetadaliguanwu,zuoyixietilihuo。

1937nian,tafengwangxiantangzhiming,husongshangwanjiangujizhenben、shangzhouqingtongqi、mingjiazihua、qinhanzhuanwadengwenwulikaijinan,zhuanyidaohoufang。

yiluqianxi,feichangjianxin。qiuyeyegaonainai,congshandongdaowuhan,youdaoyichang,ranhoudaozhongqingwanxian,zuihouzhongyuzaileshancaiandingxialai,zoule7000duolilu。

danshixingkuiqianxile,zhuanyituzhongchuanlaixiaoxi,shandongtushuguanbeizhanhuofenhui,sunshitushuershiduowance。zhiyouzhei5xiangguanzangjinghuaxingyuntaoguoyijie。

李义贵走的时候,他的老婆孩子都不知道,刚出生的儿子还不到一岁。1937年走的,1950年才回来。

neishihoukangzhanzaojiushenglile,xinzhongguodouchenglile,danmeiyourengaosutaniyinggaihuilai。dengyucong1940niankaishi,tayigerenzaisichuanleshanshouzheneiwuxiangshu,shoulezhengzhengshinian。

dangdirengaosuwomen,tamenlaopengjianzheigeren,haiyiweishibeifangmougedizhujiabangmangkanshoucaichandeyigexiaren,sheidoubuzhidao,taqishishizaitishandongshenglitushuguankanhuguobao。

neigeshihoutabixuweizhuang,bunengzhangyang,yinweitashouzhedehenduoshudoushihuangjinye,haiyouyixiejinshiwenwu,wanyibeitouleni?

tashishandongren,budongsichuanhua,yuyanbutong,youbunengchila。neizhanqijian,dangdiwujiafeizhang,tajingchanggenshenglimianshiqulianxi,zhinengkaoqujiangbianbanyun、qingxiniwu、baiditanlaizhuanshenghuofei。jibianshizheiyang,tayemeiyoudongguobianmaizangpindeniantou。

liyiguiquanjiaheying

1950nianhuijiazhihou,yinweizhangqiyaowuyinxun,erziduitajihumeiyouganqing,shenzhiyoudianmaiyuanta,duitafeichanglengmo。

womenquleshandeshihou,teyiquzhaoletazangshendeshandong。quleneigexianchang,nihuijuedeyouyizhongtebieqiguaideganjue。

simiaolimianhaishixianghuoliaoraode,gezhonggeyangsongjingdeshengyin,ninengganshoudao,zaineiyangdeshidai,yigewaixiangren,gaobiezijideqiziernv,paodaozheigedifanglai,yimibajideren,jiuweishenzaizheimeyigeheianbizedeshandongli,yidaishinian,zhenshitainanle。keweilehubao,tahaishijianchixialaile。

yimibadeshandongdahanliyiguiweishenshiniandeshandong

liyiguidewaisunnvyehewomenyiqiquledangdi,zaicaifangdeshihoutajiukule。takubingbushiyinweitajuedewaizufuyouduomelebuqi,ershitajuedeneigeshandongtaiheile。

taxiangdaowaizufubaitianzaiwaimianganhuo,wanshanghuidaoneigedifangliandiandengdoumeiyou,yigerenguoleshijinian,tajuedehenxinteng。zheishitazuoweiyigeqinrendezhenshidegandong。

henyouyisideshi,taxianzaijiuzaishandongbowuguandangjiangjieyuan。tawaizufudangnianshouhudezheipiguobao,youyibufenxianzaijiuzaibowuguanlimian,tajiufuzehelaicanguanderenjiangjie。tadeshenfenyerangtagenzheixieguobao,chanshenglebuyiyangdelianxi,zheiyeshiyizhongjingshendeyanxu。

1938niancunfangqinghuagujidezhongyanggongyeshiyansuojiuzhi

两年间重建了一个国家级图书馆

womenjintianweishenmehaihuizhidaoliangqiannianqiankongzi、mengzishuoleshenme,jiushiyinweiyoushu。gujijiejingchanghuijiangyigegainianjiao“guben”,yisijiushiruguozheibenshumeile,shushangjizaidedongxiyejiuyongyuancongzheigeshijieshangxiaoshile。

songdaileishu《shiwujiyuan》

qingdaileishu《gujintushujicheng》

womenxianzaihaihuitingdaokaogujiedexinwen,birucongdixiawachuleyixiezhujian,dajiahuanhuqueyue,yinweizhujianshangjizaidedongxi,kenengduiwomenzhiqiandewenhualishiyouzhongyaodebuchonghexiuzheng。shudejiazhiyeshiyiyang。

congguzhijin,zhanzhengduishudehuihuaishizuidade。liwomenzuijindejiushierzhan,duiyuzhongguorenlaishuo,zuishuxidebufenjiushikangzhan。

qinghuadaxuetushuguanguanzangzaizhongqinghongzhazhongbeifenhui,fuzehusongdeguanyuanjiuchuleyibufen“fenyushu”

1932nianrijunkongxishanghai,dongfangtushuguanbeifenhui

zhanzhengzhong,direnzuixianglveduohegongjidemubiaozhiyi,yeshishu。1932nian,weiyushanghaidedongfangtushuguan——yeshidangshiyazhouzuidadetushuguan——yijigebideshangwuyinshuguan,jiubeiyouzhenduixingdizhahuile。

1938nianhou,zhenggejiangnandiqudoushishoule,dangshishengchuanribenrenyaolaihangzhouwenlangeqiang《sikuquanshu》。dangnian,qianlongyigongmingrenshouchaole7bu《sikuquanshu》,qizhongwenlange《sikuquanshu》zaitaipingtianguozhanzhengzhongzaodaoyanzhonghuihuai,houlaijingguozhejiangwenhuajiesancibuchao,jibenshanghuifuleyuanmao,yebeishiweishijiangnandiquwenmaiyanxudexiangzheng。


guojiatushuguansidazhenguanzhibaozhiyi《zhaochengjinzang》

haiyou《zhaochengjinzang》,shi1930niandaicaifaxiandeyibujindaidedazangjing,dangshixiaoxihongdongshijie,yechadianluoruribenrenshouzhong。zaikangzhanzuijiannandeshike,balujunguoduanjuedingjinjiqiangjiu,keyishuoshihukoubaya,batabaohuxialaile,xianzaishiguojiatushuguansidazhenguanzhibaozhiyi。

zhengzhenduoshuoguoyijuhua,“shizaitabang,wenguihaiwai,qichidaru,baishimodi。”

1940nian,yitaweihexin,shanghaiyipiwenhuajiemingrenmimichenglileyigeminjianzuzhi:wenxianbaocuntongzhihui。

zhengzhenduozai1938nianweiguojiaqianggoudexishiguben《gujinzaju》

zheigezuzhibujishijian、jinqiandedaijia,zhiliyusoujijiangnanyidaiyinzhanhuoerliuluominjiandegujiwenxian,liangnianjianzaishanghaishougoule3800duozhongzhenguiguji,xiangdangyuzhongjianleyigeguojiajitushuguan。

dajiadouzhidaogugongwenwunanqiandegushi,zhidaokangzhanqijianhenduoxuexiao、zhengfu、binggongchangbandaolezhongqinghekunming,shenzhitingshuoguonanjingdeyixiekeyanjigou,ganzheyiqunzhongzhu、zhongjiguosanxia。

zheixiegujideqianxiluxian,qishigengugongwenwu、xuexiao、zhengfujiguanhejiyaeshiyiyangde,shenzhiyoukenengzaitongyitiaochuanshang。zheixiegushi,womendoupaixialaile。

shandongbowuguansuozangdehanchaoguanyinfengni

guojiatushuguansuozangde《sikuquanshu》

guojiatushuguansuozangdedunhuangxiejing

weilepaizheigejilupian,womenqianqianhouhoubaifangguo50duojiajigou:guojiatushuguan、guojiagujibaohuzhongxin,haiyouquanguogedidetushuguan、bowuguan、wenguansuo。

womencaifangleshangbairen。youtushuguan、wenwuyijikangzhanshidequanweizhuanjia,yeyouqinlizhe、zhiqingzheyijidangshizhedehouren。

pianzilimiantidaodesuoyouzhenguiguji,womenyejinliangzhaodaotamenjinxingshidipaishe,zheimedaguimodirangkangzhanshiqibaohudeguobaogujijizhongliangxiang,yinggaiyeshidiyici。

史上最大胆的抢救计划

12nianqian,wozaiyibentaiwanzazhishangkandaoyipianhuiyilu,tidaozaikangzhanqijian,zhongguodaluyou200duoxiangshu,doushiyoushiyilaizuizhenguideshouzang,beijicundaomeiguoqubinan。zhanzhengjieshuhoubeiyundaotaiwan,zhijinhaizaitaibeigugongdedikuli。

kanwanzheipianwenzhangwofeichangzhenjing,zheiduanlishihenshaoyourenzhidao。

guolibeipingtushuguanguanzang

zheipishulaiziguolibeipingtushuguan,yejiushihoulaideguojiatushuguan。tadeguanzangdabufenlaizineigedaku,qishijiushihuangjiazangshu,congsongdaikaishiyizhiyanxuxialaide。

ciwaihaiyoudunhuangjuanzi,haiyouhenduojiaguwen,doushidangshifeichangyoumingwangdeyixiexueren——caiyuanpei、hushi、liangqichao、luxundengdeng,qixinxielizhengjilaide。

1934nianzuoyou,quanguodetushuguanxitongjiukaishizheshouzhunbeikangzhanle。1935nian,dajiadoujuede,wanyiheribenrendaqilailezenmeban?yushikaishibeipingtushuguanguanzangdezhuanyigongzuo,youzhongxuanyou,xuanleyixiezuijinghuadeguji,songdaobeijinghetianjinjigeyingmeibeijingyinxingdejinkulimian。

1936nian,guolibeipingtushuguanquanguanzhiyuanheying

houlaixingshijinzhangle,juedehaishibuxing,jiuwangnanfangzhuanyi,fangdaoshanghaifazujielimian。jieguo1940nianyihou,faxianfazujieyebuanquan,ribenrenyezailimianhengchongzhizhuang。suoyitamenjiujuedeyaozhaoyigequanshijiezuianquandedifanglaifangzheipishu,zuihouzhaodaolemeiguoguohuitushuguan。

dangshihushishizhongguozhumeiguodashi,taqinzibaifanglemeiguoguohuitushuguanyazhoubuzhuren,xiwangtamenkeyibangmangjicunzheipishu。

beipingtushuguansuozang《lanhuitangji》

meiguoyetichulezijidejieshoutiaojian,jiushiyunxutamenfuzhiyitaojiaojuan。zhenghaobeipingtushuguanyizhixiwangkeyiyingyinshubenneirong,xianyujishuhejingfeideyuanyinyizhiweinengshixian,zhenghaozheigeqiji,zuihouxieyijieguojiushimeiguorenfuzhiliangtao,jiwomenyitao。

“songdaonali”jiejuele,“zenmesong”chenglewenti。zhenggetaipingyangdoushiribendetianxia,meiguozhengfubuyuanchumian,guominzhengfuyouyouxinwuli,zhinengkaosirenlilianglaijiejue。

wodangniankandaodeneipianhuiyilu,shuodejiushizheigegushi;huiyiludezuozhe,jiushiqinshoubazheipibaobeisongchuhaiguandeqiancunxunxiansheng。

dangshiqiancunxunshibeipingtushuguanshanghaibanshichudeyigezhiyuan,tadelaopoyouyigelaoxiang,yigezhangxingdexiaohuozi,zhenghaozaihaiguandangjianchayuan。qiancunxunjiumeizhouchentashangbandeneitian,toutouyongxiaodulunchelajixiangshu,jiazhuangshixinshuyunchuqu。

mayibanjia,yonglejiangjinlianggeyueshijian,caiba200xianggujisongchuhaiguan。meixiangdao,gangsongshangshangchuanmeijitian,taipingyangzhanzhengjiubaofale,shangchuancongciyaowuyinxin。suoyourendoufeichangjusang,juedezijikenengfanleyigejudadecuowu。

meiguoguohuitushuguanshouquguolibeipingtushuguanshanbendeshouju

meixiangdao,lianggeyuehoudeyitianzaoshang,qiancunxunturanzaibaozhishangkandao,zheipilaizizhongguozuizhenguideshuanquandidameiguoguohuitushuguan。suoyourendouzhenjingle。yinweizheigechuandequebeiribenrenjielvezoule,haibangribenrenyunlebing,danshiweishenmeneipishumeiyoubeiribenrenfaxian,zhijinmeiyourenzhidao。

zongeryanzhi,zheipishushenqidididaledayangbian。limianyoudunhuangjuanzi,jiaguwen、jinshibeitie,haiyoushijieyoushiyilaizuidadebaikequanshu《yongledadian》。

1965nian,zheipipiaobohaiwaizhangda24niandejinghuagujishanbenbeiyundizhongguotaiwan。

1985nian,qiancunxunzaitaibeihezheipishudeheying,shuxiangshangxiede“ping40”daibiaodejiushi1940nianguolibeipingtushuguan

guojiatushuguanzhangzhiqingfuguanzhangcengjinggaosuwo,1990niandai,tahejigeguotuyanjiuyuanzaitaibeiqinyankandaolezheipishu,haikandaoleshangmiandetiqian,jiushizhaowanlixianshengxiede(zhaowanlishiguojiatushuguanfeichangzhongyaodeyiweiwenxianxuejia),yanleiyixiazijiuxialaile。

杜甫和陆游,跟着我们一起去逃荒

dangshihenduogujizaizhuanyishi,mingmingdoushiwujiazhibao,quezhiyouliangsangerenhusong。

henduocanyuwenxianqiangjiuderen,kangzhanshenglizhihoudouhuidaolezijidegangweishang,weiletushuguanshiyehuozhexueshujiefengxianleyisheng。

xiangshandongshengtushuguanbianzangbuzhurenquwanli,hushushihaishige20suichutoudemaotouxiaohuozi,xierijishuohaojicixiangtaopao,juedezheiyangweilejixiangshudongduoxizangmeiyisi,xiangshangqianxiandayouji。

quwanlidaotaiwanzhihou,yishengzhiliyuzhongguogudaijingdianwenxianhejiaguwenyanjiugongzuo

houlai,tadanrenletaiwanzhongyangtushuguanguanzhanghetaiwandaxuezhongwenxijiaoshou,chengleyigefeichanglihaidedaxuezhe。

beipingtushuguanguanzhangyuantongli,yinweiqianguabeiyundaomeiguodeguobao,zhudongshenqingdaomeiguoguohuitushuguan,chenglezheipishudejianhuren,zhidaotaguoshi。

haiyouyixiehenputongderen,yongfeichangleguandetaidumianduikangzhanjienan。biruqinghuadaxueyigetushuguanzhiyuanmawenzhen,xihuanzaiyunshudeshihouxiedayoushi。

1935nian,qinghuadaxueyaoqiu,chulejiaoxueheyanjiushenglunwenbixudetushuguanshebeiyiwai,jikekaishiyizhouneiwanchengmimizhuangxiang

neigeshihouqinghuadaxuetushuguandeshuyaogenzhexuexiaoyiqizhuanyi,zhuziqingshiguanzhang,daizhedajiabashuzhuangxiang。mawenzhenxieleyishou《zhuangxiangge》,miaohuiledangshideqingjing:

“zheishiqianbeirenzhihuideyichan,womenyingdangzhengzhongdebaozang,batamenjidaoxingfudeyaoyuan,batamenjidaoanquandedifang,kuaidianzhuang,mandianzhuang,youshiyixiang。”

daolekunmingzhihou,dajiabaxiangzidakai,mawenzhenyouxieleyishou《kaixiangge》:“dingdingdang,dingdingdang,dajiayiqilaikaixiang,nashuazishuashuashumiandemeiya,rangchensideweichenyinfengyang。”

zhanzhengshijienan,dantayongyizhonghenxixuedefangshiqumiandui:meiwenti,womenbashucayica,fangdaojiazishang,youkeyikaizhanjiaoxueyanjiule。

xinanliandatushuguan

xinanliandadexuezhemennengzuochuneimehaodeyanjiu,yuzheixieshudechenggongnanqianshifenbukaide。

dangniancanyuyunshudeyiweitushuguanguanyuanmingjiaotangguanfang,womencaifangdaoletadeerzitangshaomingxiansheng。tayouyijuhuatebiechudongwo。

tashuozheixieshudeliuzhe,dehuzhe,“tudikeyidiushi,wenmaibunengduan,zhongguohaiyaofuxing,haiyourencai,xuyaozheixiedongxi。”zheijiushidangnianyitangguanfangweidaibiaodeyidaitushuguanyuanneixindezhenshixiangfa。

wuxiangshuwuzaileshandahongzhazhiqianbeizhuanyidaolelingyunsizhong

shandongshengtushuguandeneipishu,yundaoleshanzhihou,wangxiantanghaishijuedebufangxin,juedingyaobashucongchengquzaicizhuanyidaojiaoqudesimiaoli。guoran,zhuanyizhihoumeiduojiu,jiufashengleleshandahongzha。

wangxiantangzairijilimiaoshu,tazhanzaileshandafopangbian,kandaochenglimianhuoguangyipian,tadiyicimuduzheimecantongdehongzha,yifangmianshenganwanxi,lingyifangmianyehenqingxing,xinghaozijibashuzhuanyizoule。

womenzaileshandeshihou,zhenghaopengjiandangdijinian“leshandahongzha”dezhounianhuodong,dangshiquanchengjingbaoxiangqilai,neizhongganjueshifeichangzhijiede。womenjiukeyilijie,dangnianwangxiantangduizheipishujiehouyushengdeqingxing。

《kaixiangge》limianchang, “xiangzilifangzhedufuheluyou,tamenyoupeizhewomentaoyicihuang。”qishi《paohuoxiadeguobao》shuodejiushidufuheluyoutaohuangdegushi。

zongguanzhongguozhenggelishi,zheixiegujishanbenjiushizaiyiciyouyicidetaohuangzhongliuchuanxialaide。womendewenmaiyeshizheiyangbeijichengxialaide。

当时的中国很厉害:井然有序,不慌不张

qiannian,wocanjiayicihuiyi,pengjiantaibeigugongdeyigenianqingdeyanjiuyuan,tafuzexiezhuzhanlan。wotingtajiang,meiciyaozhanlanyixiezhenguiguji,xiang《zhouli》,huozhedufu、luyoudezhenguibanbendeshu,tajiufuzebanayiyetankai,rangdajiakan。taweicifeichangzihao。

wocengjingjinjulikandaoguowangguoweideshougao,tazai《renjiancihua》limianxieguorenshengdesanzhongjingjie,zuihouyiju“moranhuishou,neirenquezaidenghuolanshanchu”,jiushineiyiye。

tashilitide,tashiwulide,shiyigekechumo,shenzhiyouqiweidedongxi,zheijiushishubenyoumeilidedifang。

shandongshenglitushuguannanqiandeguobaoguji——songdaiganzhouzhouxuekeben《wenxuan》

wojuedejinguankejifazhandaojintian,shuhaishihuiyoutadezuoyong。tazuoweizhonghuawenmingdeyigezaiti,bujinshizhongguodeyichan,yeshiquanshijiedewenhuayichan。womenqinyan、jinjulidikanshiwu,hetongguoshoujiduluyouhedufudeshi,shiwanquanbuyiyangde。

paizheigepianzi,zuirangwogankaide,shineixieputongdezhongguoren。

womenchayueledaliangdedanganjilu,jingchangfaxianzheiyangdemiaoshu:“yijianbushao”。

shushihenrongyiyijianbianchengliangjiande,huozhediushi,haiyouhenduoshubenlaijiushicanben,danshisuoyouzheixiezhenguiguji,zaiyunsongdetuzhongdoushi“yijianbushao”。

1942nian7yue6ride《xinhuaribao》(huabeiban)baodaobalujunchenggongqiangyun《zhaochengjinzang》dexiaoxi

chuankaoanle,cunminbangmangbashuyundaoanshang。tingshuoribenrenyaolaiqiangshu,dajiayiqibashuzhuanyidaoanquandedifang。shenzhishudiaolehelimianqule,zhouweidequnzhongzifaxiashuidalao。

zheizhendetainandele,tebieshizaibinghuangmaluandeniandai。xinshourannuo,youshiyouzhong,putongrenshenshangdezheizhongxiayijingshenhezhengyigan,sihaobuyayuwenhuarensheshenquyidewenhuazijue。

qinghuadaxuetushuguanguanyuanheying,yipaizuowushitangguanfang

tangshaomingxiansheng,tajiangtadefuqintangguanfangfeichangposhi,dangshijiushiqinghuatushuguanyigefeichangputongdeguanyuan,husongshuxiandaoleyichang。neishihouyichangyoudianxiangdunkeerkedachetui,beifangnanfangsuoyoudewuzi、renmadoujidaoneiliqu,weishenmejidaoneili?yinweisanxiahangyundenengliyouxian,yaohuandaoxiaochuanshang,zenmeban?zhinengdeng。

tamenzaiyichangdenglelianggeduoyue。tashuotafuqinjiuxiangfangshefabaohushu,wanshangyigerendazheshoudiantongxunshou。

shandongshengjiaoyutingweibofaliyiguibaoguanfeiyongjiwangxiantangdexinhan

guanlizhongyinggengkuandongshihuiyu1940nianjijiwenxianbaocuntongzhihuidegoushuhuikuandan

dangnianqiangjiu、zhuanyunliuxiadedangandoufeichangfengfu,yetebiexizhi。meiyibibokuanduoshaoqiandouyoudianbaoliudang,shuzixizhidaolelingtou。

womenxianzaixiangqikangzhan,xiangqibinghuangmaluan,duoduoshaoshaodouhuijuedehuangkong,shenzhikongju,huijuedeneirenzenmehuo?

dannihuifaxian,qishirenmenhaishiyouzhixude,yifangmianshidangshidehenduozhengzhizhixuheshehuizhixuhaiyirancunzai,henduodongxishibaochiliutongde,bingbushiwomenxiangxiangdesuoyoudongxidoubengkuile。

lingyifangmianwojuedehenzhongyao,jiushirenxindezhixu。meigerenxinlimianzhidaotamengaiganshenme,gesiqizhi,neixindezhizeganhenqiang。laileshenmeshidoubuhuang,womenwenzhu。

zheigehenzhongyao,wojuedeshichaoyueleshikongde。

youqishijinnianyilai,kenengdajiaganshoudebuquedingxinghuibijiaoduo。ruguoniduizheigeshijiechongmanlejiaolv,zheigepianzikenengshiyigehenhaodetixing。

xiangguan:

“在这里,自由、疯狂、死亡说了算”“历史进程对于音乐起什么样的作用,在这个问题上不同观点严重对立。对于古典音乐来说,长时间以来占上风的观点,是认为音乐与社会隔离,断定音乐是自身完备的语言。在高度政治化的20世纪,这种隔离一再发生破裂。”在《余下只有噪音》的前言中,亚历克斯·罗斯这样描述古典音乐与20世纪。可能1900对于现代人来说过于遥远,但是德彪西、托马斯·曼、李斯特、勋伯格等引发巨大回响的名字,却是作者“聆听”20世纪的肇始。请伴随德彪西的钢琴曲《月光》,来回看这激荡的20世纪初期欧洲音乐、文化与政治历史。1900年代的维也纳在若干早期作品中,托马斯·曼为世纪末很普遍的..

“很多人都过着又扎劲又凄凉的生活”电影《大佛普拉斯》前段时间,王占黑、btr、张定浩、顾湘几位青年作家一起聊了聊她的新书《小花旦》。王占黑:年轻人不可偷袭,要讲武德。在现代人的生活里,防备比邀请要多得多,但其实是可以创造出很多邀请的。btr:我也很讨厌“斜杠”这个字,感觉它发展到一定阶段就成了“杠精”。张定浩:你要理解每个人身上欢乐的东西,才能更加被他们的其他东西打动。一个有能力写出欢乐天真的东西的作家才有能力写出残酷和痛苦,这两者是一体的,占黑身上很好地呈现出这一点。顾湘:我很关心公园里的那些老头子,我觉得他们生活超丰富的,就像美芬,她也活得很“扎劲”,虽然也有..

这所只存在了8年的大学,定格了一代人的风骨闻一多、邓稼先、杨振宁、李政道、王希季、朱自清、华罗庚、陈寅恪、钱穆、费孝通、许渊冲……八十二年前的中国,曾有一所大学将这些名字连结在一起——西南联大。住在40人男生宿舍的杨振宁曾回忆:联大的地面是泥土压成的,一些教室和图书馆窗户没玻璃,风吹时必须用东西把纸压住,否则就会吹掉。“在联大食堂抢饭,第一碗不要盛得太满,一定要盛半满,这样吃完了才有机会去盛第二碗。”在西南联大度过青春岁月时,他们还不是大师。迁徙西南联大的校歌第一句是:“万里长征,辞却了五朝宫阙。”只是,这场长征没有军人,都是些老师学生。1937年7月,卢沟桥事变爆发,日军..

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